To decor home and kitchen garden is the dream of home/kitchen lovers. Especially housewives are engaged in this work. After reading this article you are able to design home vegetable gardens or home flower gardens. Here we focused on the home garden design plan, flower garden design, and home garden design.
Importance of kitchen garden/home garden
The kitchen garden is an area where we can grow vegetables, fruits, and herbs in a small area of land. It provides inexpensive, regular, and fresh vegetables which are important for our body.
Home gardens are literally known as Ghar Bagaicha/Karesha Baari which refers to the traditional land-use system around our home. Where several species of plants are grown and are maintained by household members and where their products are used for family consumption and for income.
The term home garden is similar to the kitchen garden. It is a place for people to live in but it also produces a variety of foods and other things for both home use and income. On plots of land around houses, people can grow a variety of vegetables, fruits, medicinal plants as well as poultry, small fish ponds, and bees. The local area is the major source of organic fertilizer, and where family labor is sufficient for the Kitchen Garden/home garden production.
The kitchen garden also helps to solve our food problem. The green leafy vegetables contain vitamins and minerals which helps to protect our body from different diseases. Lack of vegetables particularly, green leafy vegetables leads to malnutrition which causes diseases like anemia and night blindness.
A kitchen garden prevents air pollution. It helps to purify the air through the plants. Plants breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen which is important for human life.
Some aspects of the food problem are
We should have sufficient food grains so that the entire population can have meals two times a day. The minimum food grains requirement must be available at an affordable price. Hence, there is a need to grow enough food grains to meet our present daily requirements. Needed efforts should be made to increase the production of food with the increase in population.
For the proper growth and normal health of people, we should provide a balanced diet for them. Deficiencies of nutrients affect the health of a person.
3.The poverty of the people
Poverty results in a shortage of food, loss of health, low productivity, low income, and poverty. We are not able to work for the production of the economy. There are many reasons behind the declining food production in the country. As more of our land is used for the construction of houses, factories, industries, etc. So, there is less land for farming. Deforestation is making the land less fertile. The decrease in the land’s productivity, degradation of the soil due to excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides, scarcity of water for irrigation, due to insufficient water management.
All the farmers need to be introduced to new technology in a package to boost agricultural production. Such as in the form of hybrid seeds, better irrigation facilities, fertilizers, and pesticides. We should distribute food through a public distribution system so that the supply of essential commodities should be done through fair price shops at reasonable prices. The poor people should have a reasonable income to purchase food grains. The food security of a nation can only be increased if all the citizens have enough nutritious food and they have the capacity to buy food quality.
Importance of kitchen garden/ home garden
Our home gardens are an important source of quality food and nutrition for the rural, poor, and are important food contributors for all the people in Nepal. They are mainly cultivated with a mixture of annual and constant plants that can be harvested on a daily basis or seasonal basis. In order to preserve our health, we should develop kitchen gardens, so that we can grow fresh and clean vegetables for our daily consumption.
1. The home garden can produce many different things like fuel for cooking, wood for building, food, income, medicinal plants, herbs, spices, and flowers.
2. The home garden is an important land for households, as it is the center and part of family life. In villages, the small area surrounding a house is the home garden where it is often close to a source of water so that the plants and vegetables get enough needed water for irrigation easily. It is usually better protected from floods and wild animals than other land.
3. Home gardens are a source of nutrition. The fruits and vegetables help to balance our diet by providing not only energy-rich food but also supply protective nutrients like vitamins and minerals. In comparison to other food, vegetables are the cheapest source of nutritious food. However, the quality of animal protein is higher than plant protein, in our daily
Fish and dairy products from home gardens are good sources of proteins. Mushroom production and beekeeping needs less area but produces nutritious foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables provide us carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals, fats which are very essential to our body. Hence, home gardens can provide nutritious and balanced diets to the family that makes the families healthy and strong. This is the reason that a home garden is also called a primary health center.
4. The home garden as a source of income. Along with nutrition supply and food security, a home garden is a source of income. The cereals and vegetables, poultry, fish, honey can be sold in the local market and can earn money. The productivity of each component in the home garden increases our daily income. In the rural and remote areas where other employment opportunities are not enough, it plays an important role in providing additional jobs and income.
5. Important farm development activities take place in the home garden. Some farm inputs come from our home garden activities, for example, plant propagation, raising and housing draught animals, and making or repairing tools. A home garden is also a place for trying out new crops and farming techniques.
6. Home gardens are a major source of vegetable and fruit supplies for the family (60% of the requirements are fulfilled by home gardens).
7. Nepalese home gardens are mainly vegetable-based. Most of the total species planted in home gardens with fruits, medicinal and ornamental plants.
8. Home gardens have their own management system and their production systems are mostly organic-based, with the maximum utilization of locally available resources.
9. Availability of quality food the production in home gardens is for home consumption. They are largely organic-based. The vegetables, fruits, and plants are free from chemicals and pesticides. We plant a variety of crops in home gardens to produce fresh foods throughout the year.
10. Food security: In urban areas, families facing food insecurity are those whose working members are employed in the casual labor market. These workers are largely engaged in seasonal activities and are paid very low wages that only help in survival. The people affected by natural calamities, who must migrate to other areas in search of work, are also among the most food-insecure people.
In conclusion, a home garden plays an important role in maintaining and upgrading the health standard of people. That’s why there must be a kitchen garden in every house so that our daily lifestyle can be improved.