Type 2 diabetes is the chronic and the most common form of diabetes. No less than 300 million people worldwide are already affected by this glucose metabolic disorder and probably several million more who are undiagnosed and who have pre-diabetes. In fact, Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90 percent of all cases of diabetes with only 10 percent left to other atypical forms of the disease. Unlike Type 1, it is not the ability of the body to produce insulin that is impaired but the capacity to utilize it. This condition is known as insulin resistance.
When the body fail to respond to the hormone insulin, blood sugar does not get into the cells and utilized as energy which results in the increase of circulating glucose in the blood. Insulin resistance by itself triggers a host of biochemical response such as reduced uptake of fats, elevated cholesterol concentration, increase production of free radicals and promote inflammation.
Also called adult-onset diabetes, Type 2 is a disease that slowly progresses over time. Poor diet, physical inactivity and overweight particularly excess pounds around the waist are the primary factors that increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. When left unchecked, it often leads to other serious complications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and possible limb amputation.
Genetics may have a causative role in the development and progression of the disease but current studies still shows very limited evidence. What could be more predictive are nutrition status and certain habits. The rising obesity epidemic coincides well with the continuous increase in diabetes incidence. This is on top of other lifestyle factors such as poor nutrition including excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates, lack of physical activity, persistent stress and even lack of sleep are link to the development of this form of diabetes.