The signs and symptoms of diabetes are usually subtle, and may be ignored by most people. Here are the most observable signs that accompany the disease that you need to watch out for:
Frequent urination is the first of all signs and symptoms of diabetes that you need to look out for. When you have diabetes, your kidneys work extra harder to dilute glucose by drawing more water from the blood. This in turn makes your bladder full and demands you to frequent the toilet.
- Excessive thirst. Another of the many signs and symptoms of diabetes is experiencing an unusual thirst more than normally desired, this could be a glaring sign of diabetes. Dehydration sets in because your body increases its discharge of water through frequent urination which calls for you to drink more water.
- Unusual weight loss. Since the cells in your body are not able to utilize glucose for energy, it will start to break down secondary energy sources like muscles and stored fat. Rapid weight loss is less visible with Type 2 than with Type 1 diabetes because the loss of sensitivity to insulin also happens gradually.
- Unexplained fatigue. When the glucose necessary to fuel cellular functions does not reach the cells where it can be utilized, the cells in your body begin to starve causing you to feel constantly weak and exhausted. Such tiredness is evident even if you are not physically engaged with work or in a more relaxed state.
- Slow healing and more infections. High circulating glucose in the blood interferes with the body’s ability to repair itself. This takes longer and unnecessary time for cuts and bruises to heal. At the same time, increased sugar in the blood encourages bacteria to thrive and cause infections especially vaginal infections in women.
Other latent symptoms of diabetes include nerve damage, kidney impairment, destruction of the peripheral blood vessels usually those of the legs and feet, and blindness if the progression of the disease is not controlled and addressed in time.