Herpes Simplex Virus Causes
One virus that exists without cure is the herpes. Herpes is a virus in various forms. It usually causes blisters on the lips or genitals. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), one of the many species of the virus, is the cause of blisters on the face known as cold sores or fever blisters. Herpes simplex virus 1 can be acquired at an early age of 5.
It will then stays on the nerves in our body and become dormant. It will occasionally cause an outbreak, causing blisters near the original site of infection. Outbreaks can also happen with the other species of the virus. Also, the first outbreak after the infection is said to be harsher than the next outbreaks, since the body is unable to produce antibodies that can neutralize it.
Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), on the other hand, is the main cause of blisters on genitals. A person carrying the virus may spread the virus if the person produces and shreds the virus. This happens more likely while the person experiences an outbreak, although it may happen without an outbreak. Transmitting HSV occur when a person is in contact with another person who is shredding the virus through their saliva or secretions from the genitals. It can transmit even if the person does not show visible sores.
The virus can also be reactivated after being in a dormant state, caused by illnesses like cold and influenza, emotional and physical stress, fatigue or injury, eczema, gastric upset, exposure to bright sunlight and menstruation to women. There is no cure for this virus yet, but there are several methods that can help reduce the frequency of outbreaks. One method is the anti-viral medication.
The medication has anti-viral properties that are effective on skin infections like the HSV. Undecylenic acid is one of the chemicals used in the cream formulation of the anti-viral medication. There is also a vaccine known as Herpevac that is being researched upon in United States and Canada. Herpevac is proven to be 70% effective, but only on women. These are the only treatments known to prevent the herpes simplex virus, for now.
Herpes Simplex Viruses can also cause a viral disease known as the herpes simplex. It causes disorders based on the site of the infection. The disorders that the virus can cause are orofacial infection, genital infection, herpes whitlow, herpes gladiatorum, ocular herpes, herpes simplex encephalitis, neonatal herpes simplex, and viral meningitis.
Herpes simplex is also linked to Bell’s palsy and Alzheimer’s disease. Orofacial infection affects the face and mouth, visible by blisters. Genital infection affects the outer genitals of an individual. A symptom of the infection is the clusters of inflamed papules and vesicles and usually appears 4-7 days after sexual exposure to HSV. It may resemble cold sores.
Herpes whitlow is seen on fingers or thumbs, and sometimes in toes or nail cuticle of an infected individual. It is a painful infection caused by either HSV-1 or HSV-2. Herpes gladiatorum is acquired by people active in sports like soccer, wrestling and rugby. It is caused by the HSV-1 when it transfers to an individual to another by a direct contact. Ocular herpes affects the eye of an individual. It is seen by a white, itchy lesion on the surface of the cornea.
Herpes simplex encephalitis is known to be a serious disorder and a severe viral infection to the central nervous system. Neonatal herpes simplex is a very rare but serious condition, usually the effect of a vertical transmission of the HSV from the mother to the newborn child. Viral meningitis is caused by the HSV-2 that recurs and last for a few days or weeks. It is resolved without using any treatment.
Bell’s palsy was linked to the HSV-1 due to its more active presence on the saliva of the person with the Bell’s palsy. HSV-1 is said to increase the person’s risk to have Alzheimer’s disease. Disorders caused by herpes simplex is not life-threatening to people that are immunocompetent.